Facts About India (Interesting Trivia)

Some of these were a surprise for me too 😯

  • The official Sanskrit name for India is Bharat. INDIA has been called Bharat even in Satya yuga ( Golden Age ). The name `India’ is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu.
  • The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name `Hindustan’ combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus.
  • The number system was invented by India. Aryabhatta was the scientist who invented the digit zero.
  • Sanskrit is considered as the mother of all higher languages. This is because it is the most precise, and therefore suitable language for computer software. ( a report in Forbes magazine, July 1987 ).
  • Chess was invented in India.
  • Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies which originated in India.
  • The’ place value system’ and the ‘decimal system’ were developed in 100 BC in India.
  • The first six Mogul Emperor’s of India ruled in an unbroken succession from father to son for two hundred years, from 1526 to 1707.
  • The World’s First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara temple at Tanjavur in Tamil Nadu. The shikhara is made from a single ‘ 80-tonne ‘ piece of granite. Also, this magnificient temple was built in just five years, (between 1004 AD and 1009 AD) during the reign of Rajaraja Chola.
  • India is…….the Largest democracy in the world, the 6th largest country in the world AND one of the most ancient and living civilizations (at least 10, 000 years old).
  • The game of snakes & ladders was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It was originally called ‘Mokshapat.’ The ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices. The game was played with cowrie shells and dices. Later through time, the game underwent several modifications but the meaning is the same i.e good deeds take us to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births.
  • The world’s highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after levelling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level.
  • India has the most post offices in the world !
  • The largest employer in the world is the Indian railway system, employing over a million people !.
  • The World’s first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
  • Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The father of medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
  • Although modern images & descriptions of India often show poverty, India was one of the richest countries till the time of British in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus was attracted by India’s wealth and was looking for route to India when he discovered America by mistake.
  • The art of Navigation & Navigating was born in the river Sindh 6000 over years ago. The very word ‘Navigation’ is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Nou’.
  • Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. His calculations was – Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: ( 5th century ) 365.258756484 days.
  • The value of “pi” was first calculated by the Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century, which was long before the European mathematicians.
  • Algebra, trigonometry and calculus also orignated from India. Quadratic equations were used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 ( i.e 10 to the power of 53 ) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C. during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Tera: 10*12( 10 to the power of 12 ).
  • Until 1896, India was the only source for diamonds to the world. ( Source . Gemological Institute of America )
  • The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982.
  • Sushruta is regarded as the father of surgery. Over 2600 years ago Sushrata & his team conducted complicated surgeries like cataract, artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones and also plastic surgery and brain surgeries.
  • Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India medicine. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, embryology, digestion, metabolism, physiology, etiology, genetics and immunity is also found in many ancient Indian texts.

Did you know ?
India also celebrates the birthday of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, former President and Vice-President and great statesman, as “Teachers’ Day”. Born on September 5, 1888, at Tiruttani, 40 miles to the north-east of Madras, Radhakrishnan grew to become the most famous Indian teacher and philosopher of all times. In his honour, this day is celebrated as Teacher’s Day. He was also the Vice-President of India from 1952-1962. He held the office of the Chancellor, University of Delhi, before taking over as the President of India in May 1962.

wookkkkay… So, India has a proud past. Well, thats great! But, what is India today? What do we have to be proud of today? Sometimes, I wonder why do I even start this topic???? Alright, I have my own bunch of complaints about my country. I really bitch and whine about the way things are here. And yeah! I do nothing to change the way the things are. I only sit and complain. My take? Atleast I sit and complain instead of taking things for granted or adopting a dismissive approach of taking things as fate.

I dare to complain. Once every Indian starts doing that. The *leaders* will HAVE to listen. Thats the first step.

[ Source: INDIA FACTS ]

  1. #1 by little indian on February 24, 2007 - 8:37 pm

    Hi Uday

    What you have listed
    was not achieved in a day
    it took centuries.
    Besides most of these achievements were individual
    efforts and brilliance.

    Do we now not have anything to be proud at all?
    Not just in field of science,
    but also art and above all on humanities.

    Do not ignore that between then and now
    we were plundered and exploited
    by a western empire who before departing
    dealt us a near fatal blow by knifing the country into three.
    The effects of which still lingers.

    That we have recovered this far, to what we are now
    is by itself a big achievement.

    Why don’t you start a list from the beginning of last century,
    what ‘indians’ have achieved, in India or abroad.
    (I only recently read of the Bose-Einstein condensate
    first produced in 1995,
    what Bose had predicted in the 1920s!! )

    You may well be surprised.
    We are no lesser than what some others claim to be.
    Our individual ambitions,
    our desires ‘to achieve’
    to better ourselves has never died.

    Yes, we should complain about the way things are.
    But no leader will be able to change anything
    unless we change ourselves from inside.
    But that is a different story.

    Let us start by being proud of ourselves,
    for what we are,
    and not just of what we used to be.

  2. #2 by Chaitanya on March 14, 2007 - 6:18 pm

    Hi Little Indian,

    I agree with your statement “Our individual ambitions,
    our desires ‘to achieve’
    to better ourselves has never died. ” And therein lies our problem. Individual Ambitions, self service, better ourselves at the expense of other underprivileged Indians, expense of our Country’s retrogress has been and continues to be our weakest link to progress.

    Ask not what your Country gave you, but, what you have given to your Country. Every single action that we as Indians do in our lives revolves around self help. Change that attitude, and we will begin our walk towards our Country’s progres.

  3. #3 by little indian on March 15, 2007 - 6:16 pm

    @ Chaitanya,
    either you have totally misunderstood my point or
    you are deliberately misconstruing my statement.

    …”To better ourselves at the expense of other under-priviledged”…
    are your words here,

    Not mine.
    My point was every person can and should strive
    towards their own improvement without relying on the state.

    I also believe most Indians has that desire to better themselves,
    and it does not have to be only economically.
    The drive is stronger in those who wants to ‘climb’ upwards.

    The day that drive is lost,
    all you will have is a lazy and decadent society living off hand outs.
    What you are saying ‘sounds’ great but is inherently flawed.

    Before one “gives for the country”,
    one has to have something for himself first.
    You are also forgetting, in this day and age
    the state also has a responsibility of ‘providing’ for its citizen.

    When you say
    “…we need to change our attitude (of ‘self help’) and we will begin our walk towards our Country’s progress…”,
    please, could you substantiate
    what you want every person to do that he is not doing already?

    Except cheating on taxes, perhaps?

  4. #4 by udayms on March 16, 2007 - 4:59 am

    taxes!!! 🙂 My Precious!!! (In the lord of the rings tone!!!)

  5. #5 by Sonia on May 3, 2007 - 3:59 am

    some really cool facts here

  6. #6 by summer pagoria on October 2, 2007 - 8:36 pm

    this really helps with all of my needed facts for my projects plus some really cool facts here

  7. #7 by srivatsa on August 26, 2008 - 5:56 am

    hey neat points…I read this blog which has facts about geography..check it out


  8. #8 by the observer on December 11, 2008 - 7:20 am

    Hi Uday-
    I used the facts from this site in a document i prepare for children thanks for the single point access you provided!!

    All the arguments that have gone before have their place in a discussion on the apathy exhibited by all of us at times, but facts are there and unarguably so! Let us revel in what has gone into making us what we are.

    I am in agreement with little indian on the contention that much has been done even in later times and the recent launch of the Chandrayaanis enough to make all Indians sit up taller and prouder.

    Not all of us are in a position to contribute in a publicly visible manner, but that does not mean that we cannot express heartfelt appreciation of the efforts of our country en. After all it is the same civilisation and society and traditions that has shaped all of us!!!

    Indian to the core, and proud of it!!!

  9. #9 by rahul on August 5, 2009 - 12:36 pm

    any thing an indian discover, v r using in our day 2 day life. like any

  10. #10 by kareshma on September 17, 2009 - 8:52 am

    Thanks u helped on my class project. I a a proud indian!!!!!

  11. #11 by Hemanth on November 18, 2009 - 9:28 pm

    The presence of caste system (brahmins are the learned ones) with the rise in adoption of british education system and a craze to master english language has led to losing contact with the past. if we had continued the education system as in past, it would have been different today. well we are in process of re-inventing the wheel again. i.e what was found then, we are again finding it: well its documented in english now.

  12. #12 by steph on November 24, 2009 - 6:03 pm

    i am proud to be indian

  13. #13 by manpreet brar on January 29, 2010 - 2:59 am

    India is also nown as the fatass state

  14. #14 by Shik.Malin on November 11, 2010 - 1:17 pm

    Hey Uday

    I want to ask one question straightly did you try to do anything useful for our country?If you have done that I guess you dont talk like this….
    As Chaitanya Said the status what we have now is cant made in a day… many people struggled so much and so many people lost their lives and one more thing today all over the world our India has so many great scientists and Iam sure very soon it is going to be a wonderfull and advanced country in the world..our India is a gem…such a peace full country..
    We should feel proud to be indians…

  15. #15 by I AM AN INDIAN on September 11, 2011 - 2:56 am

    i am proud to be an indian long live india!!!!!!!
    vande matharam!!!!!!!!! jai hind!!!!!!

  16. #16 by tinky123 on January 7, 2012 - 9:40 am

    so good.

  17. #17 by D on June 20, 2012 - 6:11 am

    India is one of only three countries that makes supercomputers (the US and Japan are the other two).
    India is one of six countries that launches satellites.
    The Bombay stock exchange lists more than 6,600 companies. Only the NYSE has more.
    Eight Indian companies are listed on the NYSE; three on the NASDAQ.
    By volume of pills produced, the Indian pharmaceutical industry is the world’s second largest after China.
    India has the second largest community of software developers, after the U.S.
    India has the second largest network of paved highways, after the U.S.
    India is the world’s largest producer of milk, and among the top five producers of sugar, cotton, tea, coffee, spices, rubber, silk, and fish.
    100 of the Fortune 500 companies have R&D facilities in India.
    Two million people of Indian origin live in the U.S.
    Indian-born Americans are among the most affluent and best educated of the recent immigrant groups in the U.S.
    Thirty percent of the R&D researchers in American pharmaceutical companies are Indian Americans.
    Nearly 49% of the high-tech startups in silicon Valley and Washington, D.C. are owned by Indians or Indian-Americans.
    India sends more students to U.S. colleges than any country in the world. In 2004-2005, over 80,000 Indian students entered the U.S. China sent only 65,000 students during the same time.
    In a case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court, an Indian-American woman scientist, Dr. Ananda Chakrabaty, won the argument that persons may be granted patents for useful manufacture of living organisms. She defeated the U.S. Patent Office, that argued that living things may not be patented, thus establishing the legal foundation for the biotech industry, (Diamond vs. Chakrabaty, 1980). Dr. Chakrabaty invented a microbe that eats oil spills.

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